Top 10 most powerful Quantum Computers in the World (2023)

Quantum computers are a new type of computer that could change many parts of our lives. Quantum Computers use quantum computing instead of classical computing. They can solve problems that normal computers cannot, like breaking secret codes and modeling complex molecules.

Quantum Computer
Disclaimer: The ranking of quantum computers presented here is based on a number of factors, including the number of qubits, the quality of the qubits, the error rate, and the connectivity between the qubits. However, it is important to note that this ranking does not necessarily reflect the real power of these computers. The ability to solve real-world problems with quantum computers is still in its early stages of development, and it is possible that some computers that are not ranked highly in this list may be more powerful for certain applications.

Here is a list of the 10 best quantum computers in the world today. They are ranked by their quantum volume, which measures how powerful they are:

1USTC Jiuzhang: This quantum computer was built by the University of Science and Technology of China. It has 100 photon qubits and a quantum volume of 10 billion. It is the most powerfulquantum computer today.

  • Photons are particles of light. Using photons as qubits allows this computer to connect more qubits easily. This gives it the highest quantum volume in the world.
USTC Jiuzhang Quantum Computer project photo

2.  Xanadu Borealis: This quantum computer was built by Xanadu. It has 128 qubits and a quantum volume of 10 billion. It is the most powerful photonic quantum computer.

  • It has more qubits than USTC Jiuzhang, but its qubits are not as stable, so the quantum volume is the same.

3. IonQ Quantum Computer: This quantum computer was built by IonQ. It has 128 qubits and a quantum volume of 4.8 billion. It is the most powerful commercial quantum computer.

  • It uses trapped ions as qubits which can be very stable and accurate.

4. Rigetti Advantage: This quantum computer was built by Rigetti Computing. It has 128 qubits and a quantum volume of 1.6 billion.

  • It uses superconducting qubits which can be more stable than photonic qubits. But they are harder to connect to make bigger quantum computers.

5. Intel Horse Ridge II: This quantum computer was built by Intel. It has 400 million spin qubits or 8 superconducting qubits.

  • It has the most spin qubits of any quantum computer. But spin qubits are weaker than other types.

6. D-Wave Advantage: This quantum computer was built by D-Wave. It has 1,124 qubits and a quantum volume of 100 million. It is the most powerful quantum annealing computer.

  • Quantum annealing computers are good at solving optimization problems.

7. IBM Eagle: This quantum computer was built by IBM. It will have 127 qubits and a quantum volume of 100 million when released in 2023.

  • It is expected to be the most powerful quantum computer when it launches.
  • It uses trapped ions as qubits which can be very stable and accurate.

8. Alibaba Quantum Computer: This quantum computer was built by Alibaba. It has 102 qubits and a quantum volume of 200 million. It is the most powerful quantum computer in China.

  • It uses superconducting qubits like several others on this list.

9. Microsoft Azure Quantum: This is a cloud platform by Microsoft that lets users access different quantum computers. Azure Quantum has 100+ qubits and a quantum volume of 100 million.

  • Having access to different quantum computers in the cloud makes this convenient for getting started with quantum computing.

10. Google Sycamore: This quantum computer was built by Google. It has 54 qubits and a quantum volume of 128. It was the first to achieve quantum supremacy.

  • Quantum supremacy means it solved a problem too hard for normal computers.
Google Quantum Computer

FAQs

How are the top ten quantum computers compared?

The ten best quantum computers are looked at by seeing how many qubits they have, what type of qubits they use, and their purposes.

The number of qubits is important to compare these computers. More qubits mean a stronger quantum computer. It’s also important to consider the type of qubits the computer uses. Some qubits are more stable and make fewer mistakes.

Considering the quantum computer’s purpose is also significant. Some are designed for specific tasks, like keeping secrets or discovering new medicines. Others have a wide range of uses.

What challenges are involved in creating quantum computers?

Making one of the quantum computers comes with several challenges:

  1. Qubits are fragile and can quickly lose their special quantum properties.
  2. Quantum computers require a method to correct mistakes that occur during calculations.
  3. Increasing the size of quantum computers with more qubits is difficult but crucial.
  4. Finding effective ways to apply quantum computers to real-life tasks is still complicated.

What lies ahead for the future of quantum computers?

The future appears promising for the quantum computers. As technology improves, these computers will become more powerful and reliable. They will tackle even more complex problems. This could lead to significant discoveries in various fields, such as enhancing data security, developing new medicines, and gaining a better understanding of materials.

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