10 Most Popular Programming Languages of 2023


In this article, we’ve made a list of the ten most-liked programming languages in 2023. Remember, the order might change as technology evolves. We’ve used surveys and facts to show which languages developers like. Technology changes fast, so these rankings might not stay the same in the future.

Most Popular Programming Languages of 2023

1. JavaScript

However, let’s begin with JavaScript, a true all-rounder. It wears multiple hats, serving both front-end and back-end development. In addition, it proudly wears the crown of the world’s most popular programming language, as confirmed by a recent Statista survey. From interactive websites to web applications and even mobile apps and captivating games, JavaScript is your gateway to the digital world.

2. Python

On the other hand, Python stands out for its simplicity and readability. As a result, it has become the go-to language for data science, machine learning, and artificial intelligence. But don’t stop there; Python‘s versatility shines in web development, software creation, and system administration too.

3. Java

Moving forward, we encounter Java, known for its robustness and security. In addition, it’s a cornerstone for a multitude of applications. Enterprises, mobile developers, and embedded systems rely on Java. It’s also the language of choice for game development and scientific computing.

4. C++

In contrast, C++ is a powerful and efficient language, specializing in low-level programming. Game developers, creators of operating systems, and those building embedded systems frequently turn to C++. Furthermore, it finds applications in scientific computing and artificial intelligence.

5. C

Meanwhile, C, often seen as a foundational language, is a cornerstone for system programming. As a result, it’s essential for operating systems, embedded systems, device drivers, and even game development and compiler creation.

6. Go

Stepping into the modern era, we meet Go, a language celebrated for its simplicity and performance. Notably, Go thrives in cloud computing, distributed systems, and networking. Moreover, it’s a valuable asset in web development and data science.

7. Kotlin

On a different note, Kotlin, a statically typed language compatible with Java, excels in Android development, server-side projects, and distributed systems. Additionally, it proves its mettle in data science and machine learning tasks.

8. Swift

Now, let’s focus on Swift, renowned for its safety and performance. Meanwhile, it’s the star of iOS and macOS development. Intriguingly, it’s also making strides in server-side development and machine learning.

9. R

Switching gears to statistics and data analysis, we encounter R, a statistical language. Notably, it’s the go-to choice for data analysis and visualization. Whether it’s machine learning, data mining, or statistical analysis, R proves its worth. Furthermore, it finds applications in finance and healthcare.

10. PHP

Lastly, we have PHP, a server-side scripting language, thriving in web development. In contrast to others on the list, PHP excels in creating dynamic, interactive websites, web applications, and content management systems.

According to some surveys and rankings:

  1. Stack Overflow Developer Survey 2021: JavaScript is the most used language worldwide, with a huge 63.61% of developers using it. Other popular languages include Python, SQL, TypeScript, and Java.
  2. State of Developer Ecosystem 2021 by JetBrains: Python is the second most popular language overall, but Java is more popular as the main language. Developers are interested in languages like Go, Kotlin, TypeScript, Python, and Rust for future projects.
  3. TIOBE Index January 2023: C is the most popular language based on search engine queries. C++, Java, Python, and C# are also very popular. Notably, Go, Kotlin, Swift, and R are among the top 20 highly-rated languages.
  4. PYPL Index January 2023: Python is the most popular language based on how often people search for tutorials on Google. Following it are Java, JavaScript, C#, and PHP. Additionally, Kotlin, Swift, and R are in the top 10 languages with the fastest-growing popularity.
These surveys help us understand which programming languages are widely used and popular among developers.


In conclusion, these ten programming languages are the driving force behind the ever-evolving tech landscape of 2023. Learning any of these languages can open doors to countless opportunities in the tech industry. So, why wait? Dive into the world of programming, shape the future, and make your mark in the digital age. Whether you’re building websites, analyzing data, creating mobile apps, or pushing the boundaries of AI, one of these languages can help you achieve your goals. The world is at your fingertips; all you need to do is code.

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